Now, it must be said that I don't listen to jazz all that often any more. Indeed, "Everybody Wants to be a Cat" is probably my most listened to jazz song. Yet, it remains that I don't think that great jazz is made with drumming like you might get in "Wipeout" or "Trampled Under Foot". So was I really ever going to enjoy Whiplash, a film about jazz drumming? Probably not. As it turns out, though, making the main character a total dickhead was the main problem. But, you know, it is obvious why film critics liked it. Spoilers to follow, but we'll start with this quote from, The Uncomfortable Message in Whiplash's Dazzling Finale, a review:
In Whiplash, jazz drummer Andrew endures a brutal, sustained campaign of bullying and abuse, both psychological and physical, at the hands of Fletcher, the conductor of his conservatory's prestigious studio band. He eventually washes out under the extreme pressure and, at the urging of his concerned father, anonymously gets Fletcher fired for abuse. In the final scene, Andrew ends up at Carnegie Hall subbing in for Fletcher's concert band. It's a final cruel ruse orchestrated by Fletcher, who wants to humiliate Andrew publicly by cueing him up to play the wrong music.Well, I think basically all of this is wrong.
The way things start out is pretty simple: Andrew stays up late practising and a dude of importance happens to hear it. Indeed, from what I can tell, Andrew's playing so that Fletcher might hear. It then cuts to his normal band (class?) session where, you know, turns out Andrew doesn't seem to get on with people. Or, at least, he has trouble associating with the dude he's the "understudy" for. But Fletcher turns up and rescues Andrew from being ordinary. It doesn't say that then, but that's what Andrew thinks. But he is immediately told to turn up to Fletcher's band session three hours before it is due to start. Why? Well, I would guess that Fletcher intended the extra time to be used to practise (assuming Andrew has drive), but Andrew just sits there instead.
Now, let's be clear, just wanting to be somewhere doesn't mean that you sign up to be abused. But how abusive is Fletcher? Throwing chairs at people is extreme but that's it. The other instances the author is presumably thinking of basically consist of Fletcher forcing the three drummers to repeat the same part of a particular song they're apparently out of tempo for (it all sounds the same to me). For hours, admittedly. None of them are, at this point, unbelievers... but maybe that's the point. Maybe Fletcher is abusing his status as a god among mortals. But really the dude's style consists of telling everyone their gay in aggressive phrases. It's mean but not sociopathic. Which is where we get back to Andrew.
Does Andrew wash out? No, not at all. What he does is snap. You see, during his first concert as an understudy to Fletcher's original drummer, Andrew puts a folder down on a chair and it... vanishes. I thought it was stolen but the rest of the film makes me think Andrew disappeared it, knowing that it would give him the opportunity to play. It does and he does. Indeed, Andrew's playing is interpreted by Andrew as his assumption of being the core drummer in the band. He simply has to tell everyone about this. But it turns out Andrew, just a month in, is totally unable to be overshadowed. He can't let his cousins/his dad's friend's children overshadow him: the dinner has to be about Andrew and they must be denigrated... or, rather, put in their place (third division sports, a model UN). This is the first sign that the reason Andrew doesn't have friends isn't because he's shy or because he is lonely... but because the dude is a prick. More specifically, Andrew is an entitled prick and it is his seat. He is the Man. How dare the conductor/putter together of the band even suggest that Andrew's seat is not his? And when things work out badly for Andrew... his bus breaks down, he leaves his drum-sticks at the rental car agency, he gets hit by a truck, he screws over the entire band by insisting on playing, screws up (predictably)... he attacks Fletcher and gets expelled.
Which is, you know, when Andrew briefly tells the truth... it was his fault. But then he listens a bit longer and decides to say what they want him to say. That's not a good sign. He's not telling his story when he tells the hearing, but rather a story that will get Fletcher dismissed. And Fletcher knows this.
You see two characters are humanised in this film. The first is Fletcher. He gets a moment with a friend of his and the friend's daughter. It's strange, but we see it because Andrew sees it. Fletcher also gets a moment when, prior to the crash when Andrew's temporarily lost his temporary place (the one he insists is his God-given right), Andrew bursts into Fletcher's office where Fletcher is visibly upset. Why? Turns out an ex-student of his has just committed suicide, but while we don't know that then, Andrew totally fails to notice anything remiss (except Andrew's own situation). The other character is Andrew's dad... who both recognises his son's dickness at the dinner party and is there for his son when he needs him to be there (and also the review's mentioning of his fatherly concern). The point is... we are never given an opportunity to sympathise with Andrew because he's unsympathetic. He is Francis Urquhart.
Great art, or at least a great rendition, has been achieved, but at the total cost of the teen’s humanity. At the beginning of the film, he's obsessively driven and introverted, but relatably so; he works up the courage to talk to a girl he has a crush on, and kindles a brief if awkward relationship with her. He struggles with dinner party conversation. But as Fletcher begins to grind away at his confidence and sanity, Andrew withdraws further, breaking up with his girlfriend in robotic fashion and behaving more erratically until suffering a mini-nervous breakdown.The review's take on Andrew's sympathetic nature. Having checked with Wikipedia... the breakup is after the entitled display in the office. It must be said, at this point, that Tanner and Connolly both take being unseated much better than Andrew. They're upset but are professional about it. Every single time. And critically, they're not explaining the Achilles Question at dinner tables and arguing that Achilles was right (although, to be frank, I think he liked the concept of friends) on screen. (Achilles is also a dickhead.)
But that bravura ending—a hyper-masculine celebration of punishing dedication and success in a great battle of wills—is impossible to shake. As much as we've regarded Fletcher with horror throughout the movie, Andrew's ultimate achievement is that he finally impresses him, without caveat. Andrew is tragically wasting his effort on this sociopathic void of a man, but you can't help but be stirred by his superhuman effort all the same. Whiplash treads that uncomfortable line as tightly as possible and leaves the audience feeling a little queasy for admiring Andrew's victory, no matter how Pyrrhic it might be.I think my dislike of Andrew clouds the true horror of Fletcher from me but Fletcher's the dude with friends and even if he hides suicides from people he is still visibly upset. Neither are traits of sociopaths. What is sociopathic is a total absence of empathy (see: Andrew) and an active disparagement of the idea of having friends (see: Andrew). Which means even if Fletcher is as truly monstrous as the review argues, Andrew's completely complicit and all too-ready to believe Fletcher's stories about Tanner and Connolly's current activities. What enormous cost of Andrew's being was borne in order to end up where he should have been at the start: playing as part of something bigger? I don't know. Nicole, maybe? But he did lie to her in that last phone-call... there was no "school" to complain about.
I can't drum. I can't play any instrument, actually. I can't read music, either. In short, I have literally none of the talent that Andrew displays. But while I may have ego-maniacal tendencies, at least I like having friends and can see how they're an answer to the Achilles Question. Neither is true of Andrew. Nor, indeed, is it true that Andrew is some Great Talent anyway. All those sessions. All that training. And what? A bunch of bloodied hands. Sure, he sometimes manages to get to speed, but I feel that if he was really that good, he wouldn't have to bleed to get there. Just sayin'. Perhaps the honest assessment of the film is that both Andrew and Fletcher think themselves gods among men. Trouble is, Fletcher's the one who is close to being right. Andrew's all about dat hubris.